2020 AZ Primary Early Vote Wrap-Up

What happened and what it means for November

With the primary election tomorrow, we’re giving you our takeaways from the early vote data. There are still tens of thousands of ballots to be cast on Election Day, but the ballots mailed back thus far paint an interesting picture.

Here are the high-level highlights you need to know going into Tuesday:

  • 1,063,828 Ballots Cast
  • 2,316,329 Ballots Requested
  • 45.6% Return Rate
  • 26.7% Turnout
  • 0.9% Democrat Ballot Advantage (representing 9,900 ballots) 

Interesting takeaways: 

  1. Turnout is high: We have seen more overall ballots returned than ever before in a primary election – 1,063,828. As a comparison, we saw about 835,000 ballots returned in 2018 and 682,000 in 2016. While we don’t know yet if these are people who would usually drop their ballots off, we are on pace to hit at least 30% overall turnout.
  2. Democratic turnout is exceeding Republican turnout: While we don’t know how Election Day turnout will fare, we are on pace to see something that we haven’t seen in Arizona in at least the last two decades – more Democratic ballots cast than Republican ballots. There is some hope for Republicans, though, Democrats have 1.4% more of their ballots returned. That 1.4% represents about 15,000 Republican ballots.   
  3. More Independents have cast Democratic ballots than Republican: In Arizona, Independents can choose to vote in either party primary or cast a non-partisan ballot. This year, they have cast a total of 117,845 ballots and about 8,800 more in Democratic primaries than Republican. As a comparison, in the previous two cycles Independents have cast between 10,000 and 12,000 more ballots in Republican primaries than in the Democratic primaries.

While primary turnout does not specifically correlate to general election performance, Republicans need a big Election Day performance to mitigate some of these troubling numbers. Democrats have not traditionally had a lot of primary elections – which has driven down their turnout in the last two cycles – but high turnout this year is occurring in places with and without contested primaries on the Democratic side. 
We will have at least one additional update from Maricopa and Pima counties today that can be seen here. Stay tuned for a full debrief post-election to see if these trends from mailed early ballots held or if the trends simply represented Democratic voters mailing in versus dropping off on Election Day because of COVID concerns.

*Data is current as of 8/02/20 at 6:00pm*
Looking ahead to the General Election
 As mentioned before, we decided to share our entire primary ballot tracker with the public but will be providing general election early vote tracking via paid subscription only. We apologize for any confusion we may have caused in our previous email regarding the general election subscription model. We will continue to release basic, high level numbers publicly for the general election (total ballots and party breakdown, statewide only) but for those looking for greater detail and analysis, we will be offering two subscription levels.

Level One will provide full current year breakdowns similar to what is currently shown on our primary election tracker.

Level Two will have comparison data for the previous two cycles and will add in additional filtration features.

If you have any questions or would like to subscribe for the general election tracker, you can contact Data Orbital here

ABOUT DATA ORBITAL: 

Data Orbital is a full-service data solutions and survey research firm with local, state, and national experience.  We offer precise data solutions, informed by political and policy intelligence, so our clients can chart the right course through the corporate or political landscape ahead. 

Martha McSally Releases a Volley of Political Ads

US Senator Martha McSally released a volley of political ads on YouTube Friday. Here are those ads:

How America Gets Its First Black Woman President

The real question is will she be a Republican or Democrat?

Time for a crazy political scenario. This spins off insider speculation that Trump will pull out of his re-election bid before he loses. It may sound far-fetched but we do live in crazy political times.

Trump is going to lose the 2020 election. He knows this and I believe the Republican Establishment knows it too. It’s inevitable and as many of us have been warning since 2015, the man has brought it on himself.

Trump is a quitter, especially when the going gets tough. And the tough is really going tough and tougher. Some Phoenicians remember when he pulled out of the development of a high rise in the Biltmore area. He knew when to cut his losses and move on. That’s what savvy business leaders do. He’s been that way his entire life. Bankruptcy after bankruptcy, change of plan after change of plan. He’s won some and he’s walked away. Running the country has become too much of a hassle for someone who has always sought leisure and pleasure and maybe it’s just not worth it to him anymore.

That’s just Trumps modus operandi and its how some deal-cutting New Yorker’s operate.

Right now the political heat has reached temperatures I think he’s no longer willing to tolerate.

At the same time, the GOP Establishment is worried, very worried. Arizona is likely to lose its other US Senate seat – the first time in decades Arizona may have two Democrats in the US Senate. Other Republican Senators across the country are panicking.

The “Trump Effect” we warned about flipped the House in 2018 and is about to flip many seats in the Senate. Arizona is on the verge of turning blue. We warned you.

So how do we get an African-American woman as our next President? Indulge me.

Knowing the election is going down, Trump and the Republican Establishment gather and conclude there’s only one way to possibly save the presidency – elevate Mike Pence through the resignation of Donald J. Trump. It’s all done quickly before most states issue early ballots – mid- September – leading to a real “October Surprise.”

Prior to the Trump exit, Biden picks his VP. He’s already announced it will be a woman of color and one of the names floated has been former Obama advisor and Ambassador to the United Nations, Susan Rice. It works for Biden because he already knows her well, she brings foreign policy experience to the ticket, can protect her former boss from Republican investigations and frankly, delivers on a promise.

Republicans in a free fall with Mike Pence at the top of the ticket, counter with a strategic move. They call up former Secretary of State and National Security Advisor, Condoleezza Rice. It’s one final push to hold the election and make a statement about the Republican party’s diversity.

Biden has Susan Rice, Pence has Condoleezza Rice. Coincidence?

On to Election Day and the answer of whether the first African-American woman President will be a Republican or Democrat. I don’t know.

In the first scenario, Mike Pence holds the presidency, barely. Americans were tired of all the Trump drama but were also willing to forgive Pence for his guilt by association.

Unfortunately, the US Congress doesn’t hold the same sentiment.

The Senate, now flipped, has the numbers to convict a sitting Republican President. The US House, even more democratic, impeaches Pence on the impeachable offense du jour. The vote heads to the Senate and this time, Democrats are successful in convicting the nicest man to ever become President. Vice President Condoleezza Rice becomes the first Republican African-American woman President.

The second scenario unfolds with the election of Joe Biden as the 46th President of the United States. There’s only one problem and everyone knows it. Joe Biden’s mental capacity is waning. Republican leadership in the House and Senate calls for the removal or resignation of the President. Welcome to the 2020’s where impeachment is now weaponized. The hesitation by the American people in electing Biden in the first place becomes a reality and the calls for resignation grow louder. Democrats quietly push for his exit to save the party embarrassment but mainly to elevate the first woman of color into the White House. Susan Rice becomes the first Democrat African-American woman President

The beautiful irony in all this is that the two old white guys – who many were asking, “is this the best we have?” – have now been displaced and replaced by individuals who reflect the times and turmoils of where the country appears to be headed.

Too far fetched or is political truth stranger than fiction these days?

Senator Martha McSally explains Mark Kelly’s intimate relationship with China

Republican Martha McSally appeared on the Hugh Hewitt show earlier this week to discuss her race for the US Senate.

In the interview she discusses fundraising, national security and her opponents intimate entanglements with the Chinese government.

Here’s the video of the interview:

In the Primary race for Republican, Sonoran Alliance endorses Martha McSally.

Scottsdale Candidate Releases YouTube Ad

Scottsdale City Council candidate Michael Auerbach released the following ad on YouTube called Blue Lives Matter.

My Final Rebuttal – Guest Opinion

By L. Burke Files

To Sylvia Allen, Gary Morris, Peter Aleshire, and the AZ Republican Party;

In my opinion, the three of you and the party are a great disappointment.   No, you will listen, you immediately decry this “attack” as a Rogers person, and you would be correct. I am a 20-year friend of Wendy and Hal. I get it. I, however, am sharing my view and background in advance. It is a technique in argumentation called authenticity, something you have forgotten.

Senator Sylvia Allen, you were once the fresh face of the rural independent spirit.  Your gaffs about ethnicity and sexual orientation are hurtful, but expected.  You have not traveled, and you have not seen how the citizens of the world view American. America is Eldorado. We are the famed city of gold on the hill. They want to be here; they want to become Americans. My grandfather was an immigrant, and he well remembered his reception in Chicago when he went looking for work. Little signs in the window said NINA. It meant No Irish Need Apply. He was at first angry, but soon realized the country was so rich the NINA businesses did not need his money.  Your time has passed, you have forgotten the golden rule  “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.”  Republicans are the party of Lincoln, not Wilson. To me you now more or less resemble Norma Desmond looking for your last close-up. You could have gone out on top. Now you will just go.

Gary Morris, Gila County Republican Precinct Chair, you are the epitome of what the party has become. The AZ Republican Party has become a sclerotic assemblage of the status quo.  In this tyranny, there is enormous inertia, so much so only a crisis real or imagined will produce real change.  If you can open your eyes, you will see the crises, it will be in November, and you and others like you are the authors of the tragedy. Your role was to advocate for who the party members chose, Gary – it’s not your choice. It is the choice of the voters. Your tireless advocacy for Allen has removed you from the party Chair to become the foppish incumbent cheerleader. 

Peter Aleshire, you disgust me.  I am a huge proponent of the First Amendment and especially investigative journalism. The third estate is what keeps democracy between the lines. My advocacy for the First Amendment is not virtue signaling, I have, as a financial investigator, supported the work of the ICIJ and OCCRP in their worldwide efforts to combat fraud and corruption.  Don’t buy it? Try searching my name. I have little hope you’ll get that right, as you certainly were unable to Google or check the facts in the campaign. Your posting of manufactured articles only to take them down and allow them to be used by Sylvia Allen and Gary Morris is a fraud upon journalism.  You could have sponsored a debate between the two candidates, but no. You have betrayed the truth, you have betrayed the hope of finding the truth, and your actions are the ultimate betrayal of those whom you serve, your readers. 

As for the Arizona Republican Party, you are tone-deaf, economic, and legislative morons. When I see a debate and the talking lines are who are more loyal to the party, it echoes a bad movie scene where the prisoner clerks in a gulag are debating who is more loyal so they can get an extra ration of gruel.

After this election cycle, this Republican of 40 years will drop his registration to become an independent.

This is my opinion, so be it.

L. Burke Files
Financial Examinations & Evaluations, Inc.

Jeremy Whittaker Liberal Democrat or Opportunist?

Jeremy Whittaker’s Voting Record:

In 2006 he voted in the Democrat Primary Election!

In 2008 he voted in the Democrat Primary Election!

IN 2016 he voted in the Democrat Primary Election!

As a registered Democrat in 2016, he voted in the Democrat Presidential election. Yes, the election where he chose either Bernie Sanders or Hillary Clinton!

Then, he decided to run for Mesa City Council in a predominantly Republican district.  So in April 2016 he re-registered as an independent.  Was that real or for show?  Well, let’s see: in 2018 while on City Council he requested a Democrat primary ballot and voted in the Democratic Primary Election.  He’s also a fixture in the LD25 Democrat District meeting scene. A lot of people in Mesa are genuinely confused about who to vote for in the City Council race coming up in Mesa. Jeremy Whittaker is an incumbent running for re-election, and some conservatives are supporting him because of his stated efforts to lower utility fees and his failed opposition to the City’s deal with ASU in downtown Mesa. Many conservatives are supporting Republican small business owner and mom, Julie Spilsbury. Conservatives should beware of Whittaker. Facts don’t lie and the public record has shown that Whittaker has contemplated instituting a primary property tax; he has never voted in a single Republican primary, and has voted in nearly every Democrat primary; and was a registered Democrat until recently. Even as a registered Independent, he STILL REQUESTS AND VOTES A DEMOCRAT BALLOT.

First, Whittaker’s opposition of utility fees to fund public safety was offset by his idea of instituting a property tax for Mesa voters.  He never tells voters that side of the story. In one city council meeting you can see the exchange between GIles and Whittaker as a frustrated Giles lets Whittaker know that his property tax idea is a failed one. Mesa Voters rejected a primary property tax two decades ago, and polling continues to show that Mesa voters don’t want primary property taxes, aka renting your property back from the government under threat of confiscation.  Voters in Mesa also don’t want to “defund the police” by literally cutting their funding, which is what Whittaker’s utility scheme amounts to.

Second, Whittaker has made opposition to ASU a central plank in his efforts to convince conservatives he is one of them, referring to a failed ballot initiative in 2016 for the deal. What Whittaker hasn’t told the voters is that he has supported the wrong kind of taxpayer subsidized development in downtown. Whittaker is a supporter of subsidized low income housing in downtown Mesa, risking the creation of conditions of dense poverty that crushes local schools, churches, and neighborhoods. He has voted for numerous projects along the lightrail and downtown to pack downtown with government supported housing, sometimes voting to give away city owned property at a fraction of its value to support the projects. Even the liberal Atlantic has said what a failed experiment dense public housing for the poor is.  While Phoenix and Tempe have renewed their city cores, Whittaker has been all about creating concentrated poverty in downtown Mesa.

While we know Whittaker is liberal and claims to care about the poor, but the data says that helping the poor come out of poverty requires them to be in balanced communities. Packing poor people together in older areas and public funded apartments increases stress on neighborhoods, keeps poor people in the cycle of poverty, and creates eventual social problems. Mayor Giles and the Council know the importance of having educational and economic opportunities in downtown to add needed balance to the economic mix of downtown. They found another way to finance the ASU project without raising taxes by using opportunity funds, some of which are paid for by developments being built near ASU spurred because ASU is there. Whittaker’s advocacy for government housing and opposition to true economic balance should be noted by conservative voters. 

Lastly, how one votes is secret in America. If someone votes, their party registration, and the ballots they requested is a matter of public record. Here is what the record shows about Jeremy Whittaker. 

Congress Must Help Arizonans with Health Coverage

Tyler Montague, President Public Integrity Alliance, Inc.

Arizonans have high expectations of our elected officials in Washington, but measuring up isn’t complicated. Operate with integrity. Listen to families’ concerns. And doggedly represent the interests of regular Americans in a capital awash in powerful and often corrupt influence.

Now as trillions of dollars flow from government in response to the COVID-19 crisis, principled leadership is more important than ever. Hard-working families are hurting, and their needs—not the wish lists pressed by lobbyists and big donors—must be the top priority.

Rampant unemployment means far too many Americans are surviving today without a paycheck, and as many as 27 million may have lost their employer-provided health coverage. Their ranks include a large proportion of the nearly 900,000 Arizonans who have been forced to seek unemployment assistance since the coronavirus pandemic began.[1] [2]

This is the backdrop against which U.S. Senator Martha McSally runs to retain her seat against some stiff competition. To prevail, she’ll need to demonstrate that she understands what families are going through and that she has the tenacity to fight and win on their behalf.

There exists right now a prime opportunity for Senator McSally to prove her mettle to voters. She should propose a health coverage solution to include in the next COVID-19 relief bill, so families needn’t cower any longer in fear of inaccessible healthcare or mounting medical bills. Such a plan should incorporate market-based, time-limited remedies to help employers sustain health coverage through the pandemic, as well as offering the recently unemployed ways to keep the coverage they depend on or find an alternative.

If Senator McSally and her colleagues want other stimulus measures they favor, such as her tourism-focused American TRIP Act, to have any effect, they must first act on health coverage.[3] What’s holding the economy back is no longer the sweeping government lockdowns of March and April—it is the rational concern among many recently uninsured families that they simply cannot afford to get sick.

With reliable health coverage, on the other hand, American families would be more financially secure and could spend more freely. A robust middle class return to the marketplace would have an immediate, positive impact on companies’ revenues, growth, and rehiring and would reduce the need for ongoing government intervention to prop up the economy.

With health coverage, Americans could also continue to take personal responsibility for their own wellness. They could seek preventive care or obtain prescription medications to control underlying medical conditions, for example, and thereby minimize the incidence of severe disease and disability, not to mention the burden on our currently overwhelmed hospitals. 

A healthy country is a good in itself, but it is also the wellspring of economic strength. As we beat back a coronavirus resurgence and U.S. businesses regain traction, they will need millions of employees ready to work. Maintaining health coverage in the meantime will help ensure a robust workforce is there when called.

The key to successful recovery will be to enact the right health coverage solutions, however, not to permanently stifle the economy with the government-run healthcare schemes of the far-left. “Medicare for All” and similar plans represent a dangerous expansion of the bureaucratic state. Such proposals would expose the entirety of the U.S. healthcare system to fraud and other abuses of the public trust. Imagine if lobbying and political donations were to shape decisions about who qualified for medical care and when they could receive it—it’s a nightmare scenario America must avoid.

Unfortunately, the only thing necessary for the triumph of disastrous policy, to paraphrase Edmund Burke, is for good people to do nothing. If Republicans offer no compelling answers on health coverage, they risk devastating losses in November. In an era dominated by Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and other avowed socialists, worse outcomes than Obamacare will likely follow a Democratic takeover in Washington.

Why, then, does Mitch McConnell so far appear content to do nothing and court disaster? Senator McSally must convince him otherwise. To attempt to do so is admittedly test of courage. She would need to take on the economic and public health denialism to which some Republicans, including our President, still cling. But the same woman who in March demanded that Senators stop receiving paychecks until they did their jobs and voted to help out-of-work families can certainly handle the pressure. [4] She can once again take a stand for average Americans and bring them the health coverage relief they desperately need.


[1] https://tucson.com/business/at-least-631-000-arizonans-have-sought-regular-jobless-benefits-in-pandemic/article_ee979eee-34af-5970-b5cf-890ae7c0e9f8.html   

[2] The 900,000 is the regular, state unemployment plus federal programs to help contractors, others who wouldn’t otherwise qualify. Both numbers are in the article linked above.

[3] https://fortune.com/2020/06/23/more-stimulus-checks-coronavirus-help-vacation-vouchers/

[4] https://www.azcentral.com/story/opinion/op-ed/laurieroberts/2020/03/24/arizona-sen-martha-mcsally-paychecks-stimulus/2908291001/

Gila County GOP Chairman Gary Morris Should Be Fired

Guest Opinion by RC Montana

It was such sloppy “journalism” if you can even call it journalism. The Payson Roundup briefly posted a story on July 22, 2020 titled “Republicans Launch a Rare Attack on a Candidate [Wendy Rogers] in their Own Primary“. The thing is though, the Payson Roundup took the article down after 12 hours because they likely suffered blowback, much as they did in June 2020 when they had to take down another flimsy article about Rogers due to several of the people, who the paper had claimed supposedly endorsed Rogers, said they had not.

The Roundup didn’t print that June story, because Rogers’ campaign never claimed those endorsements in 2020. Imagine that.

But this time, their second try at baseless flimsy “journalism” was predicated on Gila County GOP Chairman Gary Morris’s unsubstantiated claims about Rogers, which were mass-emailed – completely un-fact-checked – to all Gila county precinct committeemen. How’s that for staying publicly neutral in a primary? 

Then the Payson Roundup reporter breathlessly gobbled up Gary Morris’s rant even though uncorroborated. Chairman Morris’s mass email was a smear job packed with unsupported statements very much like the Steele Dossier on Trump.

The Payson Roundup’s Peter Aleshire was given a chance not to publish it, but he did. How did Peter Aleshire even justify it, since he’d had to take his previous, similarly inaccurate article down a month earlier? 

PETER ALESHIRE’S ARTICLE HAS NONETHELESS BEEN ARCHIVED AND IS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST!   

So now you’re caught up to date. Here is my take on the lackey, Gila County GOP Chairman Gary Morris, who violated every rule of civility and decorum as a county chairman. He caved to the establishment GOP. He is a reprobate for peddling lies he should’ve fact-checked first. He was warned, yet mass-emailed out misinformation anyway, violating sacred tenets of basic leadership. The Gila County Republican Committee should fire him. 

Mr. Morris wonders who Wendy Rogers will be “beholden to?” Is he kidding? Wendy Rogers has not taken one penny from a PAC or a lobbyist. On the other hand, Rogers’s opponent Sylvia Allen is almost entirely funded by special interests.

Gary Morris continues to perpetuate the lie about Rogers’ residency even though the AZ Secretary of State wrote unequivocally that Rogers is from Flagstaff. To whom are you beholden Chairman Morris? 

How can this chairman, in his right mind, suggest that Rogers would be “weak” going into the general election campaign? She has fundraised more than any other state candidate in Arizona.

Gary Morris and the GOP establishment are scared to death of Rogers because they can’t control her. They know she won’t permit a Red-Flag bill or that idiotic National Popular Vote to get past her.

Here’s what they really can’t stand: Wendy has outworked and out-campaigned a rusty fixture in the state legislature – Sylvia Allen – who has been there far too long, and thus has completely sold out and caved to special interests.

Gary Morris’s time could be better spent by learning how NOT to get lost in the woods. Fire him!

FreedomWorks was joined by 17 organizations in sending a letter to President Trump opposing any executive order that would tie prescription drug prices in the United States to those in foreign nations.

BY SARAH ANDERSON

Dear President Trump,

We, the undersigned organizations, representing millions of taxpayers and consumers nationwide, oppose any executive order that would tie prescription drug prices in the United States to those in foreign nations.

There is no denying that the cost of healthcare in the United States is quite high and continues to rise at a rate that is unsustainable for many Americans. Addressing this crisis requires a sober analysis of all of the factors at play and a willingness to come together across the aisle to offer a lasting solution for the millions of families and caregivers in our great nation.

Unfortunately, the “international pricing index” (IPI) and its most recent variant that includes a “most favored nation” (MFN) provision are not the type of solutions our nation needs. In fact, they represent quite the opposite of what is needed.

Any form of price setting is a treatment of symptoms, not causes. Prices stem from the actions and demands of both individuals and groups. As has been shown repeatedly in countries with socialized health care systems, governments cannot expect to set the price of any good – let alone one as crucial as prescription drugs – below its market value without incurring painful consequences.

This is not hypothetical. The healthcare systems in the reference nations upon which the IPI would base its pricing have scores of inefficiencies. These nations routinely suffer from increased wait times, drug shortages, and rationing of care. We need our leaders to do whatever is in their power to prevent these outcomes from making their way to our shores, not to emulate the systems that have engendered them. We cannot implement the same models as other nations and believe we will remain immune to their deficiencies.

A study using data from the National Institutes of Health found that if all developed countries lifted all price controls on prescription drugs, the resulting increase in investment in pharmaceutical research and development would yield eight to thirteen new drugs per year through 2030.

This is pure logic. As we stated earlier, there are distinct economic consequences to holding a commodity below market value. One of those is to increase demand; another is to decrease supply. The resources and time required to develop a new drug and bring it to market are tremendous, and drugmakers must be able to eventually recoup those investments in order to stay in business to develop more cures. Sadly, price controls would leave many waiting in vain for cures that will never come.

With the MFN provision, the U.S. would, by definition, move itself to the back of the line and would be required to have the most stringent price controls globally. Pharmaceutical companies cannot afford to spend exorbitant sums to develop new drugs in a nation that has made itself the worst place on earth to try and recoup their investments.

Beyond the economic and human costs of such a proposal, there are a variety of legal issues with the IPI. First, it relies on an overly broad interpretation of what constitutes a “limited experiment” under the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation’s (CMMI) statutory authority. Implementing this proposal across broad swaths of Medicare is hardly limited, and the ripple effects it would have will impact the entire healthcare industry in our nation.

The administration is trying to argue before the Supreme Court that the Affordable Care Act is unconstitutional and using programs established by the law to implement a sweeping change to healthcare as we know it. This proposal, if implemented, would undermine that worthy fight.

If we’ve learned anything over this tumultuous year, it’s that it is an absolute necessity for our healthcare system to be able to operate with maximum flexibility. Price setting through IPI, and price setting accelerated to its most extreme with MFN would stifle medical innovation at a time where we can least afford it as a nation.

As we look to setting America on a sustainable path towards more affordable healthcare for all our citizens, especially its most vulnerable, all of these considerations must be reviewed thoroughly. It is imperative that this be done right and not hastily, which is why we oppose any executive order that would tie prescription drug prices in the United States to those in foreign nations.

Sincerely,

Adam Brandon, President, FreedomWorks

Grover Norquist, President, Americans for Tax Reform

Brent Wm. Gardner, Chief Government Affairs Officer, Americans for Prosperity

Pete Sepp, President, National Taxpayers Union

Tom Schatz, President, Citizens Against Government Waste

Daniel Schneider, Executive Director, American Conservative Union

David Williams, President, Taxpayers Protection Alliance

Jeff Mazzella, President, Center for Individual Freedom

Karen Kerrigan, President and CEO, Small Business and Entrepreneurship Council

Mario H. Lopez, President, Hispanic Leadership Fund

Ryan Ellis, President, Center for a Free Economy

Andrew Langer, President, Institute for Liberty

James Edwards, Executive Director, Conservatives for Property Rights

Seton Motley, President, Less Government

Matthew Kandrach, President, Consumer Action for a Strong Economy

Heather R. Higgins, CEO, Independent Women’s Voice

Phil Kerpen, President, American Commitmen